Thursday, October 8, 2015
Chair Mart Graef, Strategic Programme Manager, TU Delft
Mart Graef

Mart Graef
Strategic Programme Manager
TU Delft

Mart Graef is strategic program manager at the faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science at Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) in The Netherlands. In this position, he develops technology partnerships with companies, institutes and universities, often within the framework of national and European cooperative projects. He participates in initiatives aimed at defining strategies and technology roadmaps in nanoelectronics, such as NANO-TEC, ENI2 and the ITRS. He is a member of the International Roadmap Committee, which guides the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). He is the chair of the ENIAC Scientific Community Council and participates in the AENEAS Support Group.
Mart Graef received a PhD in Solid State Chemistry from the University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands, in 1980. Subsequently, he joined Philips Research, where he held various positions in Eindhoven (the Netherlands) and Sunnyvale (USA) as a scientist and manager in the field of semiconductor process technology. He was strategic program manager at Philips Semiconductors and NXP until 2009, when he joined TU Delft.

10:15 Introduction
Technologies and architectures for low power data processing
  Carlo Reita, Director Technical Marketing and STrategy, Nanoelectronics, CEA-LETI
Technologies and architectures for low power data processing
Carlo Reita

Carlo Reita
Director Technical Marketing and STrategy, Nanoelectronics

CMOS Technology is approaching both the physical and the economical limits of scaling with only a couple of nodes left before hitting major roadblocks. On the physics side, patterning, variability and material uniformity looks very difficult to control below 7nm. Economically the consolidation of the industry, the growth rate and the cost of new processes are producing a slowing down in the introduction of real area shrinks. As a results the number of R&D options is increasing again with new materials, new devices architectures, and new memory types being proposed as solutions to the various issues. On the other hand the drivers of the industry are always the same: more data processing power, more data storage density, more data rate transmission, less power per operation.
In this paper will be presented an overview of the options chosen by CEA-LETI to maintain the growth in the capability of data processing systems even in the case of an end to scaling

Dr. Carlo Reita obtained his Laurea di Dottore in Fisica from Rome University "La Sapienza". After a two year post-doc at the Istituto di Elettronica dello Stato Solido of the CNR (Italy) working on a-Si thin film transistors for sensors and displays, he joined the GEC-Marconi Hirst Research Centre in Wembley (UK) as Principal Research Scientist working on poly-Si TFTs for displays and drivers. After a two years assignment as Royal Society Industrial Fellow at Cambridge University Engineering Department, he joined the Laboratoire Centrale des Recherches of Thomson-CSF in Orsay (France) as Senior Research Scientist on poly-Si device physics and circuit design. In 1999 he joined the mask maker Align-Rite which following a merger in 2000 became Photronics. After a period as Sales Manager, he became Technical Marketing Manager in charge of the Joint Developed Programs with the major customers and then European R&D Director. In 2005 he joined CEA-Leti where he is currently Director Technical Marketing and Strategy for the Nanoelectronic sector. He is author or co-author of over 80 refereed papers, several invited and review papers, two books chapters in the fields of electronic devices and lithography and served as member of national and international reviews and advisory committees.

Convergenece of Nanoetchnologies for the Ambient Living Applications
  Jong Min Kim, Professor (Chair) of Electrical Engineering, University of Oxford
Convergenece of Nanoetchnologies for the Ambient Living Applications
Jong Min Kim

Jong Min Kim
Professor (Chair) of Electrical Engineering
University of Oxford

We present the current and future nanotechnology convergence, especially focusing on the convergence of nano with
electronics, display and photonics, and energy/bio areas.
Nano-electronics will cover the graphene and carbon nanotubes, and their applications in flexible and transparent
electronics, and future medical imaging system.
Nano-photonics will include flexible quantum-dot TVs, smart lightings, future LED on the glass, and 3D nano active
hologram displays and auto color change.
The energy with nanotechnologies will be including high power energy harvesting and future solar cell.
Nano-bio areas will cover nano bio sensor networks for the bio system with invasive and noninvasive methods.
In addition, the auto fragrance system will be demonstrated for the future living.
The textile electronics will be introduced for the future electronics, optics, and energy and sensor networks for smart and
ambient assistant living.

Professor Jong Min Kim was formerly Senior Vice President and Vice President in Samsung Electronics Corporate R&D Centre (Samsung Advanced Inst of Technology) and Samsung SDI, Korea for 13 years. Now, he is Professor (Head) of Electrical Engineering of Department of Engineering Science at University of Oxford since 2012. Professor Kim had previously held a variety of senior technology positions at the Samsung Group including Display and LEDs, Materials, Energy (Batteries and PVs), Nanotechnologies, and Electronics research/developments. Professor Kim had managed several major projects in Samsung for 17 years and others(LG Electronics, e-Magin (East Fishkill, IBM) and else for several years. His research is described in more than 300 journal papers (including 8 Nature/Science, and Nature family journals), 250 publications on the Technical Digest and proceedings with around 100 keynote/invited speech at major international conference, and 253 patents (153 international patents). He received a number of awards: Best Paper Award, the Gold Prize Award by Samsung Group Chair, Prime Minister Awards (2001), Awards by Minister of Science (2000), and recently Awards by Minister of Knowledge/Economy (2012) from the Korean government. He was responsible for a number of world first inventions: carbon nanotube (reported variously in Science, Nature, etc. One paper is with more than 1,000 citation); transparent and flexible graphene electrodes (Nature 2009, with more than 3,000 citations) and quantum dot based LEDs and Displays (Nature Photonics, Cover Article, 2009 and 2011, Nature Comm'13), LED on glass (Nature Photonics, Cover Article, 2011), CNT network Transistors ( Science 2008 and Nature Communications 2011), and many others. Amongst his professional achievements Professor Kim was Chair, Samsung Group Technology Conference (>1,000 papers, 2004-06, 2010-11); Member, Evaluation Committee for R&D Centres of Seoul National University (2008-9); Int. Advisory Board Member, Rus Nano Prize in Russia (2007-present), and technical committee of IEEE Int. Conference (IVNC, MTT), LOPE-C, ICFPE, etc. He had managed many high technology trans-national projects including the EU project-Takoff (FP 6 project-IST2000-28519, 10.5 m), 8 million dollars project on Creative Research by Korean Government, and more outside of Samsung: Stanford University (2003-2011), Dupont R&D Centre (2001-2006), 3M R&D Centre (2004-2010), Toray (2004-2011), Russian Academy of Science( 1995~2011), the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2003-2010) and many academia. Now he is leading EU ETC Advanced Grant, FP7 and numerous project with international sponsorship at Oxford.
He had organised his selected publications in three groups.
1.Quantum Dots and Nano Materials for display/lighting, image sensors
His work on Quantum Dot materials and devices began in around 2002 when he turned the research subject from development of CL and/or PL phosphors to research on EL devices and various convergence technologies related to solar cells and batteries. Based on nano-phosphor technology, he had found various new QD materials, structures and devices.
2. Nano Carbon and Electronics for flexible electrode, TFT, photonics, and sensors
His interests in nano carbon such as CNTs and Graphene and their applications go back to 1998. As an ideal electron emitter, CNTs have been studied at the early stage of my nanocarbon related work from 1998 to 2004 then he had published more than 100 papers on nanocarbons and their applications. Nano carbon has been one of key subjects over his research career and it is still one of major focus of his group's work.
3. Display, New Energy, and Medical Imaging System
Display is one of another research bases. From early 1990's, he had developed a number of display devices and systems such as FED, OLED, LCD, Laser TV, 3D TV, LED, PDP, flexible displays. He also had initiated various energy devices such as LIB, flexible battery and various types of solar cells (OPV, CIGS, DSSC and quantum dot PVs) at Samsung Electronics and it has been the framework of display and energy business of Samsung. He also has been leading research on the multi dose X-ray, and Tera Herz imaging system for future Samsung business, as well.

Silicon photonic technology developments towards higher 2D and 3D integration level with microelectronics
  Christophe Kopp, Head of the laboratory of CMOS Photonics, CEA, Leti
Silicon photonic technology developments towards higher 2D and 3D integration level with microelectronics
Christophe Kopp

Christophe Kopp
Head of the laboratory of CMOS Photonics
CEA, Leti

Optical communications are definitively playing a major role in high speed interconnects in servers, datacenters, and supercomputers. In these systems, copper cables have been replaced by active optical cables in order to deal with data rate typically above 100Gbps per module. Mainly based today on optical sub-assembly modules using VCSEL emitters, optical links remain an expensive solution. As a result, the next generation of optical components must meet the challenge of high speed, low cost, low energy consumption, and high -volume manufacturing. Silicon photonics appears as a unique opportunity to cope with this challenge, leading also to a convergence between photonics and electronics in terms of fabrication foundry, design tool environment, and circuit co-integration.

However, on this path towards the photonic and electronic convergence, integration challenges still remain. From die-to-die, to die-to-wafer and wafer-to-wafer integration. We present the main approaches we consider using copper pillars, trough silicon vias, and copper-copper direct bonding technologies in order to reach higher density with even smaller electrical interconnect pitches. The implementation of these integration technologies are then illustrated through various packaging scenarios applied to optical communication modules.

Dr. Christophe Kopp received the Ph.D. degree in photonic engineering from the University of Strasbourg, Alsace, France, in 2000, in the field of diffractive optics. Since 2001, he has been with the CEA, LETI,MINATEC Institute, Grenoble, France, where he is engaged in developing micro-optoelectronic devices. He has participated in several national and European collaborative projects (ODIN, HELIOS, WADIMOS MICROS, SILVER, MINAPACK). In connection with industrial companies (Intexys Photonics, IIIV-lab Mapper lithography), he has been responsible for several R&D projects. To support national SMEs (ULMER, SES, Wavelens, LGE, AEROTEC), he participated in appraisals. He is the author or co-author of more than 30 papers in scientific journals and international conference proceedings, one scientific book, and more than 30 patents. Currently, he is at the head of the laboratory of CMOS photonics with 30 research engineers/technicians and 6 PhD students.

Quantum Computing : The Engineering Challenges
  Koen Bertels, professor, Delft University of Technology
Quantum Computing : The Engineering Challenges
Koen Bertels

Koen Bertels
Delft University of Technology

The challenges to build a quantum computer are enormous and can be separated in physics and engineering challenges. The physics challenges focus on the coherence time of the superposition and entangled state of qubits and on defining ways to increase the fidelity of the qubit states and to compensate for the errors that occur during the quantum operations. The engineering challenge can be summarised by the word `scalability'. For instance, it has been stated that in order to apply the famous factorisation algorithm developed by Shor, it is expected that around 5 billion physical qubits are needed to factor a 2000 bit number in a reasonable time (expressed in number of hours). Knowing that the largest number of physical qubits one is capable today of creating and controlling is less than 10 it immediately becomes clear that several breakthroughs are needed to achieve the goal of building a quantum computer. The engineering challenges are thus focused on this scalability as the qubits need to be controlled, manipulated and corrected such that the exponential computing power is preserved.

The quantum state and therefore the (entangled) qubit state is very fragile. Any small interaction with the environment causes a bit-flip or phase shift error and the superposed state to decohere. In addition, a quantum state cannot be measured directly without destroying the superposition. This destructive reading as well as the duration and fragility of the superposition (decoherence time) are the achilles heel of quantum computing and one of the main challenges of any quantum computer as this qubit behaviour interferes in its correct operation.

In this talk, we will focus primarily on those aspects of building a quantum computer that are to a certain extent disconnected from the pure physics layer where one is focusing on building and improving the physical device. We focus on the system design challenges of a large-scale quantum computer.

Koen Bertels is professor and head of the CE Laboratory where 6 faculty members and around 30 PhD students perform research along 4 themes: the first is Liquid Architectures where we investigate how to make the processor architecture, interconnect and memory hierarchy responsive with respect to specific application requirements. The second focuses on the design of Big Data computing systems with an emphasis on genome sequencing. The third theme addresses issues such as reliability and fault tolerance and looks at non Von Neumann architectures based on novel devices such as memristors. The fourth theme is Quantum Computing where the CE lab is part of the larger QuTech research lab that aims to build a quantum computer based on quantum gates. Within QuTech, he is the principal investigator for architectural and system design of the quantum computer.

Big Data in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)
  Uwe Aßmann, Chair of Software Engineering, Technische Universität Dresden
Big Data in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)
Uwe Aßmann

Uwe Aßmann
Chair of Software Engineering
Technische Universität Dresden

We presume that there are two dominant forms of systems in the future
internet of things: world databases and cloud-based robots. Both will
create massive amount of data and rely on efficient real-time online query
processing. First, a world database is an online query system to a
pertinent domain of the world, i.e., it creates insights about all
physical things in that domain in time and space. Second, cloud-based
robots are combining world databases with actuators, i.e., they provide a
specific form of cyber-physical system, in which sensors, actuators,
embedded system and cloud technology have to play together reliably.
Future industry-4.0 systems will massively rely on world databases and
cloud robots, because individualized products, ordered by singular
customers, can only be built just-in-time, if a swarm of cloud robots
collaborates effectively, relying on real-time data analytics.

Thus, both forms of CPS rely thoroughly on query processing (big data).
However, due to the hierarchical structure of physical space, we need
other types of data than relational: data about real things is usually
hierarchical, so that new query languages and calculi have to be developed
that treat hierarchies efficently and effectively. We present several
projects at Technische Universität Dresden to research important aspects
of big data for CPS, such as energy efficiency, context-adaptivity, and
parallel processing.

Uwe Aßmann holds the Chair of Software Engineering at the Technische Universität Dresden. He has obtained a PhD in compiler optimization and a habilitation on "Invasive Software Composition" (ISC), a composition technology for code
fragments enabling flexible software reuse. ISC unifies generic, connector-,
view-, and aspect-based programming for arbitrary program or modeling languages.

His group is member of the research centre "Center for Advancing Electronics
Dresden (cfAED)", working on novel code composition techniques for
many-core architectures and modern hardware structures.
In the subproject "Highly-Adaptive Energy-Efficient
Computing (HAEC)", the group develops energy autotuning (EAT), a
technique to dynamically adapt the energy consumption of an application to
to the required quality of service, the context of the system, and the hardware platforms. In the last years, a lot of work has been devoted to context-aware programming techniques and languages for cloud-based robots.

13:00 End